This head of Het-Hert was excavated by Sir Flinders Petrie at Serabit
el-Kadim. It is from the New Kingdom, during the reign of Ramesses II, and the face
is modeled after that of Queen Nefertari.
These pictures show (above) the present-day archaeological site of
Serabit el-Kadim, in the Sinai desert, and a reconstruction (below) of the Temple of
Het-Hert at this site. The miners who lived near this site excavated for turquoise,
copper, and hematite. Het-Hert was known here as the "Lady of Turquoise."
The temple was built primarily during the Middle and New Kingdom. Its
approach is dotted with many caves which are fronted by enclosures and contain numerous
stelae. It is thought that after leaving offerings and prayers for Het-Hert, the
miners may have slept in the nearby caves in order to receive oracular dreams concerning
the location of mining deposits.
References for images
Head of Het-Hert, now in the Fitzwilliam Museum of the University of
Cambridge, in Eleni Vassilika's Egyptian Art
Archaeological site of Serabit-el-Kadim and its reconstruction, in Sydney Aufrere's
L'Égypte Restituée: Sites et temples des déserts.
Valbelle, Dominique and Charles Bonnet, le sanctuaire d'Hathor
maîtress de la turquoise: Sérabit el-Khadim au Moyen Empire, Paris, Picard
Editeur, c. 1996.
Text and original graphics copyright ©
1999-2007 by Neferuhethert. All rights reserved. All graphics which are not original works
have been credited to their source or used with permission, and their copyright remains
the property of the source cited. No use of any original written or graphical material is
allowed in any form whatsoever without prior written permission. Questions
should be directed to neferuhethert at aol.com. This is a non-profit website for
educational purposes only. Last updated 01/27/10.